Step 15 | Sticking to One Copy of The Mushaf

Sticking to One Copy of The Mushaf (Maintaining a single version of the Qur’aan)

We humans memorize with our sight, just as we memorize with our hearing. Using one Mushaf helps us to get accustomed to the mental images of the pages, as well as the location of verses and their position on the pages of the noble Qur’aan. These images are printed on the mind as long as the person reads and looks at the same copy/version of the Qur’aan.

Version here means the type of print, and / or script of the Qur’aan. For instance, the Madeenah Mushaf is known to be exactly the same all over the world, but the Qatari print although very similar to it and having 15 lines per page also, is different from it in certain portions. Some prints of the noble Qur’aan make provision for the different types of recitation, others use different types of script (most commonly the Urdu script) and Allah knows best.

Every time we change the copy we are using, or even worse, change to a version/script of the noble Qur’aan that is alien to what we are used to, our memorization will be weakened. Recalling the verses from memory will be daunting and sometimes, can be impossible. This is because we will not have a fixed image (in our memory) of the page being recalled. Our memory of it will be scattered and haphazard, due to the change in mental impression. We get accustomed to whatever copy we use, the page order, the verse position, the hizb markings and so on. If we memorize from various versions of Qur’aan where the position of verses varies, we will find it difficult to memorize.

Scholars advise their students to have their own copy of the noble Qur’aan, and that they should not change it so as not to disturb their minds due to the differences in the page order and so on.

May Allah make this easy for us to stick to.

 Sneak peek: Step 16 | Concentrating when looking at the Quran

The source and main material used in preparing the contents of this blog is the book, Ways of teaching the noble Qur’aan and memorizing it by Abu Abdrahman, Jamal ibn Ibrahim AlQirsh (طرائق تدريس القرآن الكريم وحفظه).

Step 14 | Correcting The Pronunciation and The Recitation/Reading

Correcting The Pronunciation and The Recitation/Reading

The Qur’aan is learnt only by receiving verbal instruction and transmission. Indeed, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) learnt the Qur’aan orally from Jibril (may peace be upon him). The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) used to recite the Qur’aan to Jibril once every year in the month of Ramadan, and he recited the Qur’aan twice in the year that he passed away.

The companions (may Allah be pleased with them) learnt the Qur’aan verbally from the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) and so did the generations of Muslims after them.

This is a distinct attribute of the Qur’aan. It is not like the rest of the revealed books because it has the special nature of being recited, as Almighty Allah says:

“وَإِنَّكَ لَتُلَقَّى ٱلۡقُرۡءَانَ مِن لَّدُنۡ حَكِيمٍ عَلِيمٍ”

“And most surely you are made to receive the Qur’aan from the All Wise, the All Knowing.”

              (“receive” in this ayah means to receive verbally, in recitation form) [An-Naml 6]

Therefore, anyone who memorizes, or is in the process of memorizing the noble Qur’aan should be careful about learning it orally from a proficient reciter and teacher before memorizing the verses. This is so that we do not establish our memorization upon on a weak foundation or with poor tajweed and recitation techniques. Once we memorize a verse in the wrong manner, it becomes difficult to correct the wrong and to relearn it.

The only way to recite properly and correctly is by learning it verbally. A common method these days is to listen to prominent reciters of the Qur’aan and to imitate them. This is very good, however it only solves half of the problem. We will still be left with the other half, which is reciting back to someone who is well versed enough to correct the mistakes we make. We cannot learn it without the help of a teacher, and we should invest our time and effort in finding a good/qualified teacher to learn from.

Many adults are hesitant about this step because they are either arrogant and do not want to learn from someone else, especially if the teacher is younger than they are, or because they feel they are too old to be making mistakes in the presence of a teacher. We have to drop this arrogance and make pleasing Allah our priority. If we always remind ourselves that pleasing Allah is the reason we are memorizing the noble Qur’aan, we will be able to look beyond all the barriers we human beings have put up against improving ourselves in this aspect of our deen.

This is also a reason why it is important for us to make our children learn and memorize the Qur’aan while they are still young. They learn faster and learn better by imitation. They are not afflicted with the issues that prevent adults from learning the Qur’aan. Once they learn it correctly, they will build a solid foundation that will last bi ithniLLAH.

We ask Allah to make us humble enough to understand the need for this fundamental step in memorizing the Qur’aan, and to put it into practice.

Sneak peek: Step 15 | Sticking to One Copy of The Mushaf.

The source and main material used in preparing the contents of this blog is the book, Ways of teaching the noble Qur’aan and memorizing it by Abu Abdrahman, Jamal ibn Ibrahim AlQirsh (طرائق تدريس القرآن الكريم وحفظه).

Step 13 | Choosing The Most Suitable Time

Choosing The Most Suitable Time

There are particular time blocks that we can be mindful about, and consciously take advantage of as we engage in the memorization of the noble Qur’aan. Some of these times are:

  • When we find ourselves actively engaged in what we are doing, or especially engaged in what we are memorizing,
  • When we are successful in keeping the mind free of things that keep the mind busy and all forms of distractions,
  • When we are in full awareness of what we are reading,
  • When we are able to concentrate the most,
  • When we are most attentive and able to ward off drowsiness as we memorize.

Paying close attention to our daily activities and how we perform them will help us identify chunks of beneficial time that we tend to waste during each day. These time blocks occur most often during holidays and weekends when we have less to worry about and we are relaxed.

As Muslims, we must get in the habit of managing our time effectively, and using our time wisely overall. This is especially important when we are memorizing the noble Qur’aan. If we are able to identify time blocks such as those mentioned above, we will be able to allocate the list of things we are to do, based on what level of attention or focus they require, and the times of the day that we find ourselves experiencing the different levels of attention and alertness.

Some of the main benefits of distributing our time are:

  • Renewing activity and vigor,
  • Staying away from fatigue and boredom,
  • Establishing a routine,
  • Getting used to the rituals without being exhausted,
  • Having the strong-will for diligence,
  • And being mindful of wasting time in useless activities.

So, we should try to organize our time and distribute it well throughout the day and night. We should also prepare a schedule and determine the most suitable time for memorization throughout the week. If we are sincere about this step and establish a routine for the memorization of the noble Qur’aan, we will someday achieve our goal by the Will of Allah.

Sneak peek: Step 14 | Correcting the pronunciation and the Recitation/Reading.

The source and main material used in preparing the contents of this blog is the book, Ways of teaching the noble Qur’aan and memorizing it by Abu Abdrahman, Jamal ibn Ibrahim AlQirsh (طرائق تدريس القرآن الكريم وحفظه).

Step 12 | Taking Advantage of The Golden Age of Memorization

Taking Advantage of The Golden Age of Memorization

Studies prove the importance of taking advantage of the golden years of childhood from the age of five to twenty three on average. Mankind during these years especially have a distinctive ability to memorize.

It is by the tawfeeq of Allah that a man would take advantage of these golden years and not waste them by procrastinating and delaying, thinking that they have their whole lives ahead of them. These golden years are an opportunity that is rarely restored in old age.

The benefits of memorizing during this stage in life are the lack of familial or monetary concerns and responsibilities for the young person. Without the aforementioned worries, they have plenty of free time and clear minds because of their young age and lack of commitment toward family or other responsibilities, and this contributes significantly to their ability to complete the memorization of the noble Qur’aan, by the Will of Allah.

This is an advice especially to parents of young children. We should not look at them as babies until they reach the age where they ask you to stop embarrassing them in front of their peers. Children that are born during these days of technology and smart gadgets are quickly exposed to a lot more than the older generation were at the same ages. These gadgets whether we agree or not, makes them think differently than the older generation did as young children. They get absorbed into the cycle of being fed information without any effort on their part. This unlimited flow of information and distractions unfortunately occupies their minds from a young age. They end up being robbed of their most prized asset, a clear and carefree mind which is pertinent to the memorization of Qur’aan.

As a Qur’aan teacher myself, I have witnessed dozens of times, students being mentally engaged in other activities while sitting in my presence (when they are supposed to be memorizing the Qur’aan). When you call their attention, sometimes they are startled from the sudden interruption in their train of thoughts. At other times, for the slightly older students (tweens and teens), asking them to memorize the Qur’aan is like asking them to hold on to red hot coal. They have developed an aversion for anything that will keep them occupied and away from their smart gadgets.

We should only use these tools in a beneficial manner and not as a means of keeping the children occupied. We should not be the ones to fill their minds with distractions and otherwise non-beneficial information. We should not work against ourselves by robbing our own children of the most important asset they possess, a clear mind. We should fear Allah in the way  raise our children, and get them to memorize the Qur’aan before they too grow up and wish you (the parent) had made them do it when they were young.

We ask Allah to make our deeds sincerely for His sake alone, and to enable us to raise children that will remain for us after our death as a source of continuing good deeds, aameen.

 

Sneak peek: Step 13 | Choosing the most suitable time.

The source and main material used in preparing the contents of this blog is the book, Ways of teaching the noble Qur’aan and memorizing it by Abu Abdrahman, Jamal ibn Ibrahim AlQirsh (طرائق تدريس القرآن الكريم وحفظه).

 

Step 11 | Paying Close Attention to Verses with Similarities

Paying Close Attention to Verses with Similarities

The Qur’aan contains verses that are similar in meaning, in words and in verses, the Almighty Allah said:

“Allah has sent down the best statement, a Book (this Qur’aan), its parts resembling each other in goodness and truth, oft-repeated. The skins of those who fear their Lord shiver from it (when they recite it or hear it). Then their skin and their heart soften to the remembrance of Allah. That is the guidance of Allah. He Guides there with whomever He pleases and whomever Allah sends astray, for him there is no guide” [Surah Az-Zumar Vs.23]

If the Holy Quran contains nearly six thousand verses and a little more, there are about two thousand similar verses in general that match, or differ in a single letter, or in a single word or two, or more. It is incumbent upon the reader of the noble Qur’aan to pay special attention to the similar verses, especially those that are almost identical.

An example of similar verses in the same surah:

Allah says in Al- Baqarah Vs. 144:

وَحَيۡثُ مَا كُنتُمۡ فَوَلُّواْ وُجُوهَكُمۡ شَطۡرَهُۥۗ وَإِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ ٱلۡكِتَٰبَ لَيَعۡلَمُونَ أَنَّهُ ٱلۡحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّهِمۡۗ

And Allah says also in Al- Baqarah Vs. 150:

وَمِنۡ حَيۡثُ خَرَجۡتَ فَوَلِّ وَجۡهَكَ شَطۡرَ ٱلۡمَسۡجِدِ ٱلۡحَرَامِۚ وَحَيۡثُ مَا كُنتُمۡ فَوَلُّواْ وُجُوهَكُمۡ شَطۡرَهُۥ لِئَلَّا يَكُونَ لِلنَّاسِ عَلَيۡكُمۡ حُجَّةٌ إِلَّا ٱلَّذِينَ ظَلَمُواْ مِنۡهُمۡ فَلَا تَخۡشَوۡهُمۡ وَٱخۡشَوۡنِي

Note the repetition of the potion of the verse:

وَحَيۡثُ مَا كُنتُمۡ فَوَلُّواْ وُجُوهَكُمۡ شَطۡرَهُ

Following the above portion in the first ayah is an emphatic statement

وَإِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ ٱلۡكِتَٰبَ

and in the second ayah, an explanatory statement

لِئَلَّا يَكُونَ لِلنَّاسِ عَلَيۡكُمۡ حُجَّةٌ

An example of similarities between chapters is seen in Surahs Al- Infitaar and At- Takwir, wherein there is a repetition of the same portion of a verse in the form:

عَلِمَتۡ نَفۡسٞ مَّآ

In Surah At- Takwir Vs. 14, Allah says:

 عَلِمَتۡ نَفۡسٞ مَّآ أَحۡضَرَتۡ

and in Surah Al- Infitaar Vs. 5, Allah says:

عَلِمَتۡ نَفۡسٞ مَّا قَدَّمَتۡ وَأَخَّرَتۡ

The addition in At- Takwir is: {what he has brought (of good and evil}, and in Al- Infitaar: {what he has sent forward and (what he has) left behind}.

In conclusion of this step, paying close attention to similar phrases or verses is pertinent to perfecting the memorization. Some people may complain about not understanding the Arabic Language, they may want to use this as an excuse not to be mindful of this very important step. We should remember that Allah has made it easy for us to read these words, He alone is capable of making it easy for us to learn the language as well. If we strive hard, with the correct intention for the sake of Allah, we can do all that we as humans deem impossible, regardless of our age.

In the meantime, all that is required of us is to be mindful of what comes after the similar phrases. Not mixing them up can be said to be the epitome of perfection in the memorization of the noble Qur’aan.

We ask Allah for steadfastness and the ability to perfect this step, aameen.

 

Sneak peek: Step 12 | Taking advantage of the golden age of memorization.

The source and main material used in preparing the contents of this blog is the book, Ways of teaching the noble Qur’aan and memorizing it by Abu Abdrahman, Jamal ibn Ibrahim AlQirsh (طرائق تدريس القرآن الكريم وحفظه).

Step 10 | Perpetual Listening, Reviewing, and Recitation.

 

Perpetual Listening, Reviewing, and Recitation.

One who memorizes the noble Qur’aan should have a minimum portion that he/she will recite on a daily basis. The ideal is to recite one juz “part” once a day at the least, and you can recite at the most, ten juz a day for the Prophet(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, ‘He who recites the Qur’aan in less than three (days), does not understand it.’  [Abu Dawood]

This indicates the Prophet’s (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) keenness on advising us against rushing while reciting the noble Qur’aan as this has a negative impact on the recitation, comprehension, and reflection on the the recited verses. When the comprehension and reflection  are lost due to hastiness, it defeats the main purpose of the revelation of the noble Qur’aan.

The messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: “The parable of one who memorizes the noble Qur’aan by heart is like the parable of an owner of a hobbled camel. If he remains vigilant, he will retain it, and if he neglects it, it will go away.”

This is a reference to how easy it is to forget, and to loose whatever one has memorized. A commitment to a schedule that includes ongoing revision, recitation, reading with understanding, memorization, and a continuous care and protection for all of the above, makes the memorization very strong and last long.

“Be mindful of your efforts and do not be like the one who walks many miles to a stream only to fetch water from the stream and pour it into a basket made out of woven straw” (Hidayah).

 

Sneak peek: Step 11 | Paying Close Attention to Verses with Similarities.

The source and main material used in preparing the content of this blog is the book, Ways of teaching the noble Qur’aan and memorizing it by Abu Abdrahman, Jamal ibn Ibrahim AlQirsh (طرائق تدريس القرآن الكريم وحفظه).

STEP 9 | Repetition with a Melodious Tune.

Repetition with Recitation in a Melodious Tune

Repetition should be accompanied by recitation in a melodious tune; this is for the purpose of not being bored in the first place, and secondly, in order to reinforce the memorization. This is so because recitation with rhythm is likable to the hearing and it helps in the memorization of the noble Qur’aan. It also helps the tongue get accustomed to a certain tune, and thus, making it easy for you to recognize an error immediately your recitation does not follow the usual rhythm, or tune of the verse. So, the reader feels that his tongue would not obey him when there is an error, then the tune becomes broken, and then he remembers again. Besides, recitation with a melodious tune is a heritage of the sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), when reciting the noble Qur’aan, and should not be left without fulfilling it.

Evidences for Recitation with a Melodious Tune

 Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported:

 I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) saying,’ Allah does not listen so attentively to anything as He listens to the recitation of the Qur’aan by a Prophet who recites well with a melodious and audible voice.’ [Al- Bukhari/ 5023 and Muslim/ 792]

  Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) said,

 “Allah’s Apostle said, ‘Whoever does not recite Qur’aan in a nice voice* is not from us,’ [Al- Bukhari/ 7527], *nice voice: to beautify his/her voice.

 Al-Baraa ibn Aazib (May Allah be pleased with them) said,

 “The Messenger of Allah said: ‘Beautify the Qur’aan with your voices, because the beautiful voice makes the Qur’aan more beautiful'”. [Al- Hakem, also in Sahih Al- jame’/3581]

   Al-Baraa ibn Aazib (May Allah be pleased with them) also reported:

 “I heard the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) reciting Surah Wat-teen Waz-Zaitun (Chapter 95) during the ‘Isha prayer. I have never heard anyone reciting it in a more beautiful voice than his. [Al- Bukhari/769, and Muslim/ 464].

 Imam An-Nawawi -may Allah’s mercy  be on him- said: Scholars from the predecessors and successors of companions, their followers, and others from the regions, and Imams of the Muslims agreed upon and recommended beautifying the voice while reciting the noble Qur’aan, and their words and deeds are quite well known. So we are in no need of mentioning from individual people when there is plenty of evidences in the hadeeth and sayings of the Prophet of Allah, that are available for the public and the elite.

Imam An-Nawawi -may Allah’s mercy  be on him- also said:

“It is preferable to improve the voice and beatify it while reciting the noble Qur’aan as long as the person does not exceed the limits of stretching, but if he does to the extent of adding or concealing one letter, it is forbidden.” [Clarification in the mannerism of memorizing the Qur’aan, 91]

May Allah make us from those who will memorize the Qur’aan, following the sunnah of His prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), and reciting it with a beautiful voice, aameen.

Sneak peek: Step 10 | Perpetual Listening, Reviewing, and Recitation.

The source and main material used in preparing the content of this blog is the book, Ways of teaching the noble Qur’aan and memorizing it by Abu Abdrahman, Jamal ibn Ibrahim AlQirsh (طرائق تدريس القرآن الكريم وحفظه).

STEP 8 | Stopping Yourself from Moving Past a Surah Until you have Connected its First verse to its Last

IT MUST FLOOOOOOOWW!!

After completing the memorization of a surah from the surahs of the noble Qur’aan, a haafidh must not move to the next surah until he/she has perfected the memorization of the current surah completely, connecting its first verse to its last, with perfection. This means not being shaky in the review of the surah but being able to confidently recite the entire surah from beginning to end, with the verses flowing with ease off of the tongue.

He/She should be able to recall the verses almost without thinking about it and the flow of the recitation should be smooth. The memorized surah should flow like water (this point cannot be overemphasized), so easily that even if the mind drifts off pondering about the meanings of the verses being recited, he/she will still be able to continue the recitation.

SEEKING PERFECTION

The haafidh of the Qur’aan must make it a point to repeat the most recent quarter juz (approximately 5 pages) once the number of mistakes exceeds two for the whole five pages. In other words, you must not have more than two mistakes per five pages memorized, and the same should apply to the juz. The more you practice, the better you get at it and you should aim to repeat the juz once you exceed the maximum of two mistakes per juz (approximately 20 pages) bi ithniLLAH.

A higher status than this is making yourself repeat the juz when you have more than 1 mistake. This is closest to perfection in the memorization of the Qur’aan.

When the haafidh of the Qur’aan reaches this level of perfection, it increases his/her self-confidence. It also increases his/her love for memorizing the Qur’aan, the feeling of accomplishment which increases the energy, zeal and inclination towards completing the memorization of the entire Qur’aan by the will of Allah.

Sneak peek: Step 9 | Repetition with a Melodious Tune.

The source and main material used in preparing the content of this blog is the book, Ways of teaching the noble Qur’aan and memorizing it by Abu Abdrahman, Jamal ibn Ibrahim AlQirsh (طرائق تدريس القرآن الكريم وحفظه).

NB: There was a two years break due to several reasons, please remember to make dua’a for the team behind this blog. Every time you benefit from it or share the information on it, please make a dua’a for us all. Jazakum Allah khairan and may Allah accept our humble efforts and your dua’a, aameen.

STEP 7 | Perfecting our Memorization by Sticking to our Daily Goal

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Do not move beyond your daily stipulated number of verses until you have perfected it’s memorization completely. This is because it will make it stick to your memory. One of the things that make this retention possible is, being busy with your memorization, all day and all night. We might wonder, how is that possible?

It is possible simply by;

  1. Using our daily specified verses in our five prayers as well as our voluntary prayers (especially in the tahajjud [before dawn] prayer).
  2. When we are riding in a car or on a bus or any means of transportation.
  3. Constantly reciting the same portion as we carry out our daily chores and other activities e.t.c.

Repeating the same verses over and over will make retention easier and our memorization stronger. It is similar to laying the foundations of a building. So whoever wants to build a three-story building must ensure that his/her foundation can support a three-story building. Likewise, whoever wants to build a ten-story building must lay a foundation that can support his/her ten-story building. How about the Noble Qur’aan which comprises of thirty parts with numerous similar verses.

We must make an effort to lay a good foundation for every verse we memorize will be added on to the previously memorized verse. If any one of them is not firmly in place, it will affect the perfection of our memorization.

We ask Allah to make easy our affairs and to make the Qur’aan easy for us to memorize perfectly, ameen.

 

Sneak peek: Step 8 | Do not move on to the next Surah until you have connected the current one from it’s first to it’s last verse.

The source and main material used in preparing the content of this blog is the book, Ways of teaching the noble Qur’aan and memorizing it by Abu Abdrahman, Jamal ibn Ibrahim AlQirsh (طرائق تدريس القرآن الكريم وحفظه).

STEP 6 | Dividing the Passages of the Qur’aan into Sections

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This simply means dividing the ayahs into groups or sections based on their meaning so that each section or group comprises of a complete story or specific idea. The person memorizing will be able to follow the “story line” in the group of verses as he/she memorizes and this will aid their memorization.

In doing this, we must pay attention to the meanings of the verses, being careful not to combine the verses of mercy with the verses of punishment, or combining the verses of Jannah with the verses of Jahannam as examples. Only a person who understands the concept of starting and stopping (الوقف والابتداء) in the science of Tajweed will be able to split the passages in the noble Qur’aan into sections successfully.  {I have come across copies of the Qur’aan that have been colour coded based on this concept of splitting the verses into sections based on their relationship with one another and most importantly, their meaning}

On the authority of Abi Bakr (رضي الله عنه) that Jibreel (عليه السلام) said: “O Muhammad! recite the qur’aan in a harf(in one dialect)”, then Mikaeel (عليه السلام)said: “ask for more” so he (Jibreel) gave him more and said: “recite in two harfs (two dialects)”. Mikaeel said: ” ask for more” so he (Jibreel) gave him more until it reached seven harfs (seven dialects) then he said: “This is sufficient so long as you do not end a verse of punishment with mercy or a verse of mercy with punishment”. [It was related by Imam Ahmad in his musnad]

Al Haafidh Abu Amr said: This is from the completeness and the perfection of the prophet Muhammad’s (صلى الله عليه وسلم) teachings, that Jibreel (عليه السلام) made it clear that we have to separate the verses where there is a mention of punishment from the verses that come after it if mercy was mentioned in them.

A vivid example is in suratul Baqarah verse 275 {…they are the companions of the hell fire, they will abide therein for eternity.} Here, there is a stop(it is the end of the verse) and it is not permissible to connect this verse to the one after it which reads {And those who have believed and do righteous deeds…}. It is not correct for the reciter to connect the two ayahs mentioned above and then stop on the word “الصالحات -deeds” because it will distort the meaning and this is not what is to be understood from the verses.

As for division of chapters that have only one main idea in them from the beginning to the end, like we find in Surat Yusuf (The whole chapter talks about the life and patience of Prophet Yusuf (عليه السلام)), even if it is all about one main idea, it still can be subdivided into events in his life. We can combine the verses wherein he told his father about his dream into one group, and combine the verses that describe how his brothers threw him into the well in another group, and so on.

The person memorizing will be able to relate with the different parts of the story and the main idea behind each section. This will tremendously increase his/her ability to memorize more for a building is not constructed in one chunk, rather it is laying one brick on top of another, i.e step by step and part by part.

    We can also specify how much should be memorized on a daily basis. For instance, it could be 10 verses per day, or a page, or half of a juz (about 10 pages) or a quarter of a hizb (about 2.5 pages) or less or more depending on every individual’s ability.

We ask Allah to increase us in Knowledge, Iman, Taqwa and Khushuu’ for He is able to do all things, aameen.

Sneak peek: Step 7 | Perfecting our Memorization by Sticking to our Daily Goal

The source and main material used in preparing the content of this blog is the book, Ways of teaching the noble Qur’aan and memorizing it by Abu Abdrahman, Jamal ibn Ibrahim AlQirsh (طرائق تدريس القرآن الكريم وحفظه).